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eMarketer: Proximity Mobile Payments Set to Explode in US

eMarketer forecasts that proximity mobile payments—including any technologies that allow mobile users to pay for goods and services at the point of purchase with their phones—will increase greatly in the coming years, based on favorable expected consumer adoption trends.

 

NEW YORK, NY (October 17, 2012)—Proximity mobile payments are not yet very popular in the US—eMarketer estimates that such point-of-sale payments using a mobile phone as a payment device, whether via near-field communications or other contactless technology, will total just $640 million this year. But that’s an increase of 283% over last year’s even smaller base, and a number that will rise a further 234% by the end of next year.

By 2016, proximity mobile payments will have exploded in the US, and total transaction value will hit $62.24 billion.

These estimates are based on the following key assumptions:

  • In the near term, light mobile payment users experimenting with low-dollar purchases will dominate the mobile payment audience; a smaller segment of heavy users who habitually buy their daily coffee, for example, with a mobile payment system will increase over the forecast period.
  • The significant jump in total and per-user spending over the forecast period will be driven by consumers adopting mobile payments for medium-priced purchases such as groceries, gas and fast-casual dining. eMarketer views this type of habitual consumption as crucial for moving mobile payments into the mainstream.
  • The increased activity among these regular users is contingent on a number of factors, including the assumption that more mainstream merchants will accept mobile payments of some kind; the experience of using a mobile payment platform will be sufficiently convenient and add enough value to encourage repeat use; and concerns about security and smartphone battery life will gradually ebb as consumers grow more familiar with the different systems available. Absent these conditions, the market may not develop as predicted in the model.
  • By the same token, in the event that hardware and infrastructure impediments are resolved in a shorter timeframe, and clear “winners” emerge in the mobile payments ecosystem—factors that may help drive adoption on both the merchant and consumer side—the proximity payments opportunity could be significantly greater.

Although the US market holds significant promise in terms of the sheer volume of mobile payment transactions, it is likewise characterized by fragmentation. eMarketer believes the number and scope of the different mobile payment solutions currently available or preparing for launch in the next six to 12 months will have contradictory effects on the market. On the one hand, more solutions, and the media attention they bring to the mobile payments segment in general, will raise awareness for consumers and merchants. On the other, the sheer number of choices will present a challenge for both groups, but for merchants in particular, who may incur significant costs in choosing one solution over another, especially in cases where a solution entails new point-of-sale hardware.

eMarketer evaluated data from dozens of research firms and studies to develop its forecasting model for proximity mobile payments.

Many research forecasts look at the global mobile payments opportunity, even though country-specific regulations mean that most solutions function on a local level at this stage. A number of US companies eMarketer spoke with, including digital platforms and financial services firms, said they were looking at markets outside of the US, but acknowledged that their offerings would have to be tailored to the specific consumer and merchant demands of those countries.

eMarketer also incorporated data on device and infrastructure adoption into its model, including information on shipments of NFC-equipped mobile phones and implementations of a more robust contactless payment structure that comprises NFC as well as non-NFC-based solutions.

Defining mobile payments and NFC technology

Mobile commerce vs. mobile payments: eMarketer distinguishes between remote payments for physical or digital goods—purchases from Amazon.com on the mobile browser or via the Amazon mobile app on a smartphone, for instance—and payments for goods at the point of sale—the purchase of a cup of coffee at a local café, for example. This latter type of transaction, often characterized as a proximity or contactless payment, is the eMarketer definition of a mobile payment, which may be made through a range of mechanisms. These include the browser, apps, SMS or hardware-based channels such as near field communications (NFC). As a rule, mobile payments occur in real time in the real world, whereas mobile commerce refers to purchases that occur in the digital world.

NFC: This technology employs radio waves to transmit information between two objects. For example, consumers who have an NFC chip on their smartphone are able to transmit payment information stored on the device to a POS reader across a distance of up to 4 inches. NFC can also be used for applications beyond “tap-and-go” proximity payments, including the transmission of all sorts of marketing content.

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Clark Fredricksen
Vice President, Communications, eMarketer
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